The article is talking about the issue of the necessity to introduce measures to increase energy efficiency in the civil engineering. The topic is very urgent because of steadily rising prices for fuel, the depletion of natural resources and environmental degradation. Systems of ecological and sustainable construction assessment are actively developed all over the world today. Such system as LEED, BREEAM undoubtedly contribute to increase the number of energy-efficient buildings. Russia has also introduced a system of voluntary certification, called “Green Standards”. But this system has not been tested; it also requires improvement of some parameters of assessment in terms of the regulatory framework. Also, it is very necessary to government to take part in introduction of environmental certification and promotion of the development of energy efficient and sustainable construction.