This article contains an overview of the various types ofenergy-efficient translucent structures (low-emission, electrochromic, vacuum, etc.), given the characteristics of each of them, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include a high R-value and high translucency. Disadvantages include expensive and labor-intensive production. In addition, article consider the pros and cons of using translucent structures in general, on the basis of the calculation for building with three different translucent structures - energy efficiency and two conventional (with different R-value). Heat loss and cost savings by using energy-efficient designs were also counted.