Construction of high-rise buildings is extremely complex andtime-consuming process. All elements of erected buildings are equally important for its proper functioning. The focus of this article isexternal walling constructions of tall buildings. Choosing exterior walls that meet basic standards and requirements is an important point of designing a high-rise building. There are two main types of external constructions - hinging panels and self-bearing walls, they in turn are divided into subtypes. The choice of external constructions based on the suitability ofthe chosen facade for optimal climate of the construction site. In this paper, we classify the external constructions and select the best option for high-rise building in the city of St. Petersburg.