Most design firms try to develop technologies to improve quality and durability of the roads. So, in new age, there are some material, called geosynthetics, which can reduce building and rebuilding cost, but leaving at the same level of eco and mechanic characteristics, or do them better. This article discusses the broad classification of geosynthetic materials on various characteristics. There are the basic use technologies and individual properties of each type of geosynthetics. It includes a brief historical reference and examples of use of geosynthetic materials on important transport facilities in Russia.